Set as home page Add to favorites

Central No. 1 document first mentioned "agricultural power" revealed what signals?

Release time: 2023-02-14

       On the 13th, the Central No. 1 document was released as scheduled, and this year's Central No. 1 document continued to focus on "three rural areas".。Unlike in previous years, this year's central No. 1 document proposed for the first time "agricultural power", what is the meaning of this reference?What are the new layout and new changes in China's "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" work?

       20 years of focus on "agriculture, Rural areas and farmers"

       From 2004 to 2023, the Chinese government issued the No. 1 Central Document on the theme of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" for 20 consecutive years, which shows the important status of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" in China, and also reflects the Chinese government attaches great importance to the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers"。

       The No. 1 Central document released this year reiterated the importance of "agriculture, rural areas", and the "ballast stone" status of "agriculture, rural areas" was further emphasized。

       The document pointed out that the most arduous and onerous task of comprehensively building a modern socialist country is still in the countryside。The world is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century. China's development has entered a period of coexistence of strategic opportunities, risks and challenges, and increasing uncertainties and unpredictable factors. It is of Paramount importance to ensure that the basic agenda of agriculture, rural areas and farmers is well maintained。We must unswervingly make solving the problems of agriculture, rural areas and farmers the top priority in the work of the whole Party, mobilize the efforts of the whole Party and the whole society to comprehensively promote rural revitalization and accelerate the modernization of agriculture and rural areas。

       What is the meaning of the first "agricultural power"?

       The document proposed that a strong country must first strengthen farmers, and only when farmers are strong can the country be strong。It is necessary to base on the national conditions of agriculture, reflect Chinese characteristics, and build a strong agricultural country with strong supply guarantee, strong scientific and technological equipment, strong business system, strong industrial resilience, and strong competitiveness。

       Jiang Wenlai, a researcher at the Institute of Agricultural Resources and Agricultural Regionalization of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said in an interview with China News Service that "agricultural power" was put forward for the first time as a key point in the central No. 1 document。China is a big agricultural country, but it is not an agricultural power. Building an agricultural power is conducive to comprehensively promoting rural revitalization and quickly making up for shortcomings in modernization. It is also very important for China to build a modern socialist country。

       In 2022, the report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward the goal of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way. If China wants to achieve this goal, it is self-evident that it needs to make up for the weaknesses in agriculture and rural areas and realize the necessity of becoming an agricultural country simultaneously。

       Wang Sangui, a professor at the School of Agriculture and Rural Development at Renmin University of China, pointed out that the central Document No. 1 for the first time put forward that "agricultural power" also has considerations for the international environment。In recent years, the international situation has been very unstable. In this context, the importance of agriculture in maintaining national stability and the basic livelihood of the people has become increasingly prominent。China is a populous country with few cultivated land resources, and it is even more necessary to tighten the string of food security and gradually reduce its dependence on the international market。In the past, many advanced agricultural technologies and high-quality germplasm resources were mastered by foreign countries and faced the risk of being "stuck". In the future, China must build an agricultural power, make up for weaknesses in various aspects of agricultural production, and improve international competitiveness and the ability to resist risks。

       How to achieve "agricultural power"?

       Wang Sangui said that "agricultural power" refers to the overall improvement of agricultural production, which is the goal of agricultural development。The improvement of China's agricultural production efficiency and the increase of farmers' income will be continuously realized in the process of building an agricultural power, and "agricultural power" is a general goal of China's agricultural development。

       Ye Xingqing, a researcher and director of the Rural Economic Research Department of the Development Research Center of The State Council, said that to build an agricultural power is to build an agriculture that matches the modern socialist power。其中,Strong supply security,It means that the primary function of agriculture is to provide enough agricultural products for social and economic development,It should have strong output capacity and supply guarantee capacity;Strong facilities and equipment,It refers to the progress of science and technology and the construction of facilities (including high-standard farmland),Irrigation and water conservancy, etc.) to improve agricultural production efficiency;Strong management system,It refers to the development of new business entities and socialized services,Extend the industrial chain of agriculture,To enable small-scale farmers to share a sufficiently high proportion of value-added income in the industrial management system;Strong industrial toughness,It means that China's agriculture can withstand major natural disasters and extreme climate change,Able to withstand the sharp fluctuations of foreign markets,Improve the climate resilience and reserve adjustment capacity of agriculture;Strong competitive ability,It refers to improving agricultural labor productivity and reducing costs,Improve the international price competitiveness of agricultural products。

       He says,This year's central No. 1 document is released at a key juncture in the initial year of building an agricultural power,It adheres to goal orientation and problem orientation,Many of these contents reflect the core connotation of "agricultural power",And put forward specific measures to focus on the weaknesses of the board,Including strengthening the construction of agricultural infrastructure, strengthening the support of agricultural science and technology and equipment, and promoting the high-quality development of rural industries。The document is not only related to the task of "agriculture, rural areas" this year, but also related to whether China can build an agricultural power, and it is necessary to implement the relevant measures of the document。(完)