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The spring 2023 seed market has four characteristics

Release time: 2023-06-15

      As of the end of May, the country's main grain and oil crop seed market has basically ended, in addition to Huanghuai Sea summer sowing corn, soybeans, peanuts and other sporadic seed sales, the rest of the crop seed market is ending one after another。Overall, the spring 2023 seed market presents four characteristics。First, the market started early, and the purchase and sale of seeds were active。After the Spring Festival, the seed market heated up rapidly, and the seed sales progress accelerated significantly compared with the previous three years, except for some southern regions affected by the drought to purchase seeds slightly late, the progress of seeds in most regions increased by 20% compared with the same period。Second, the selection of varieties is rich, and the structure is accelerated。Market circulation varieties increased, the share of leading varieties slightly decreased year-on-year, a number of stable yield, widely suitable, suitable for machine sowing, suitable for corn and soybean belt composite planting of new varieties gradually emerged, rice varieties, high-quality rice, fragrant rice, recycled rice market proportion increased year by year。Third, the supply of seeds is sufficient, and the price is high and stable。The supply of corn, rice, soybeans, cotton and other crop seeds exceeded the demand by 30%, and the overall supply and demand relationship was loose。Affected by the increase in production costs and the increase in demand for expansion, corn and soybean seed prices rose by 14% and 13% year-on-year in the early stage, and the increase in the later stage of the market fell by 7% and was flat, and the seed prices of other crops were flat or slightly up, and the overall remained stable。Fourth, the market is in good order, and the supply of seeds is safe and orderly。Government procurement, order supply, offline sales and other models have increased, and the overall operation of local markets is stable, standardized, and orderly。

      First, the supply and demand of corn seeds are balanced, and the leading varieties are stable

      In 2023, the supply of corn seeds is slightly greater than the demand, and the seed price is high and stable. According to the effective samples collected across the country, the national corn sales are equivalent to 60 acres of seed cost per acre.7 yuan, up 11% from the previous year。The details are as follows:

      Spring corn growing areas in Northeast China:Sales of German and legal varieties in the early and extremely early maturing areas declined,Yinong jade series dominate the market,Prices remain stable;The advantages of mid-maturity and mid-precocious series are obvious,The decline in sales of Heyu 187 and similar varieties;The market competition in middle and late maturing area is relatively fierce,The leading varieties in the region are Jinyuan Yu series, Ruipu series, Doctor Jin series, Hongxiang series, Dongdan series and so on。Monitoring data show that the seed price of spring corn packaging in the northeast spring corn area is converted to 59 per mu of seed cost.5 yuan/mu, up 13% from the previous year。

      Huang-huai-hai summer corn growing areas:Affected by high temperature damage or southern rust in the past two years,Sales of Zhengdan 958 and its derivatives declined significantly,Yufeng 303, Zhongke Jade 505, Woyu series, Denghai series,And suitable for grain harvest Zhengyuan jade series, MY73 and other varieties occupy the mainstream of the market,The sales progress of ordinary road varieties is slow,Although enterprises increase marketing propaganda efforts,But the results have been modest。Monitoring data show that the seed price of Huang-Huai-hai summer corn packing is converted to 56 per mu of seed cost.6 yuan/mu, up 9% from the previous year。

      Spring corn growing areas in Northwest China:The seed market is running smoothly, and Heyu 187 series, Bixiang series, Shengmei series, Huamei No. 1 and so on dominate the market。Monitoring data show that the price of spring corn seed in Northwest China is equivalent to 65 per mu of seed cost.0 yuan/mu, up 9% from the previous year。

      Southwest spring corn growing areas:The seed sales process is fast, and the leading varieties are completed before and after the Spring Festival。Farmers prefer varieties with high resistance to gray spot, ear rot and grain blight. Chuanshan series, Dayan series, Dunzhong 735 and other varieties are prosperous in purchase and sales. Kangnong jade series and grain series have declined in market share。Monitoring data show that the average price of seeds sold by kg of southwest spring corn packaging is 72 per mu.5 yuan/mu, up 10% from the previous year。

      2. Oversupply of rice seeds, and variety distribution "a hundred flowers bloom"

      Due to the significant increase in the seed production area last year, the seed supply in the main producing areas in 2023 is far greater than the demand, the market competition tends to be white-hot, the non-traditional sales models such as government procurement and order supply are increasing, and the return rate of a few varieties is higher than the same period in the year。Among them, the demand for commodity seeds in northern japonica rice region decreased slightly year-on-year, and the performance of dominant varieties was stable。The Yangtze River Basin maintains the trend of "single change double", after several years of demonstration and promotion, the selection of high-quality rice, fragrant rice and other varieties has increased significantly, and high-quality and stable rice varieties, especially the national high-quality rice taste quality evaluation gold medal, the market performance is good, and the price is stable and high。The details are as follows:

      Conventional japonica rice areas in northern China:Among the main producing provinces, the number of field seeds and seed commercialization rate decreased in Heilongjiang Province, while the planting area remained stable in other provinces。Longjing series, Longrice series, Suijing series and other leading varieties dominate the market。Monitoring data showed that the average seed selling price in conventional japonica rice areas in northern China was 8 per kg.$5, the same as last year。

      Rice areas in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River Basin:Affected by the high temperature and drought factors in the past two years, the sales of drought-tolerant varieties and short-ripening varieties have increased。Super high-yield varieties such as C Liangyou Huazhan and C Liangyou 727, high-yield and high-quality varieties such as Jing Liangyou 534, Tsuen You 822 and Chuan Zhongyou 6377, and fragrant rice varieties such as Ye Xiangyou series, Zhaoyou 5431 and Yixiangyou 2115 dominate the regional market。Monitoring data show that the average price of seeds sold in rice areas in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River Basin is 95 per kilogram.6 yuan, up 7% from the previous year。

      Rice areas in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Basin:The drought and lack of rain in the middle rice area of single season in Hubei Province, Jiangsu Province and Anhui Province led to the delay of the sowing date of farmers, and some of them changed to dry farming. The sales volume of commodity seeds in the whole region decreased compared with last year, and the return rate of some varieties increased。In Jiangxi and Hunan, double crop rice planting intention increased, and the number of high-grade high-quality rice varieties increased significantly. In terms of conventional rice, Hongxiangzhan, Nanjingxiangzhan, Guiye Xiangzhan, Maoya Yuneedle and Yuejingsimiao were the main ones.In terms of hybrid rice, Fuxiang Liangyu, Bang Liangyu, You Xiangyu, wild Xiangyu, Chang Liangyu, Tianfeng Xiangzhan and so on。Monitoring data show that the average seed sales price in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River basin is 56 per kilogram.0 yuan, the same as the previous year。

      South China Rice Region:Affected by dry weather, early rice sowing in local markets in Guangxi region was delayed about 5-7 days compared with last year。The market share of Jifengyou 1002 was the first because of its good performance in resistance to white leaf blight。Zhongzhe You No. 8, Wild Xiang Youlisi, Taifeng You 208 and other varieties have been recognized by the market。Monitoring data show that the average seed sales price in South China rice region is 86 per kilogram.$9, the same as the previous year。

      Third, the supply of soybean seeds is sufficient to meet the needs of diversified seed use

      In 2023, the national soybean seed supply is sufficient to meet the needs of expanded soybeans and corn and soybean belt composite planting。At present, in addition to the Huanghuai Sea area summer sowing soybean seeds are still sporadic sales, the rest of the market seed sales have ended。Monitoring data show that the national average soybean seed sales price is 12 per kilogram.2 yuan, the same as the previous year。Among them, the leading varieties in Northeast China are Heihe series and Huajiang series, and the average seed sales price in the region is 10 per kg.$5, the same as last year。The main varieties in Huang-Huai-hai area were Zhonghuang 13, Zhonghuang 37, Hedou 12, and Qihuang 34 and Zhonghuang 301, which were suitable for strip compound planting. The average seed selling price in the area was 13 per kg.1 yuan, up 2% from the previous year。

      Fourth, the supply and demand of other crop seeds are balanced, and the market is running smoothly

      The average sales price of hybrid cotton and conventional cotton seeds in China was 181 per kg, respectively.3元和27.1 yuan, basically unchanged year-on-year。Spring wheat: Seed sales averaged 5 per kg.$0, up 11% from the previous year。Spring rape: Hybrid rape seeds sold at an average price of 72 per kilogram.2 yuan, the same as the previous year。The average price of conventional canola seeds is 44 per kg.6 yuan, the same as the previous year。Potatoes: The average sales price of the original and first-grade varieties of potatoes is 3 per kilogram.6 yuan, up 15% from the previous year。

      In the past two years,The cost of producing and growing bulk crops such as corn and rice is rising rapidly,The profit of seed production and operation is thinning,Leading enterprises are relatively cautious in arranging seed production,The polarization trend of market sales is obvious,In the situation of seed supply and demand is relatively loose,Some hot varieties in short supply, may appear structural tightness,The return rate of unsalable varieties is extremely high, and it has to be processed by transmerchants。Next step,All localities should continue to impose seed market monitoring and scheduling and research and judgment of seed supply security situation, actively guide surplus and shortage adjustment, timely use of seed reserves, and fully ensure the safety of seed used in subsequent agricultural production。At the same time, we will continue to promote the construction of seed production bases, strengthen the selection and demonstration of excellent varieties, guide farmers to scientifically select and use seeds, and guide enterprises to produce and sell in the right way。

      (Source: Seed Industry Monitoring Division